'Congo' was bred and stabilized by Dr. C. F. Poole and Dr. C. F. Andrus at the Regional Vegetable Breeding Laboratory of the U.S. Department of Agriculture at Charleston, South Carolina from a complex cross between 'Africa' and 'Iowa Belle' with Garrison.[1,2,3]. The name "Congo" was given this variety to symbolize the continent from which watermelons originated. It was released in 1949 and an "All-America Selection®" winner in 1950. Each packet contains two grams, which is approximately 25 seeds.
Outdoors, plant three to four seeds, ½ inch deep, in hills spaced four to six feet apart. Transplant or thin to two plants per hill. Young plants are cold sensitive and some cover protection at nights may be required. Mulch or cultivate to control weeds. Informational References:
• All-America Selections master list.
• "Market Growers Journal," Volume 79, 1950.
• "Vegetable Cultivar Descriptions for North America – Watermelon (A-L): Lists 1-27 Combined," Edited by Gary W. Elmstrom, SunSeeds Co. (Bayer-Nunhems), Acampo, California and Fred McCuistion, Seminis Vegetable Seeds, Tifton, Georgia, and Tammy L. Ellington and Todd C. Wehner, Department of Horticultural Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina.
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