'Yellow Lupine', also known as 'Annual Yellow Lupine' and 'European Yellow Lupine', is a native to the Mediterranean region of Southern Europe and commonly found growing on mild sandy and volcanic soils. As a wildflower, it is widespread throughout the coastal areas of the western part of the Iberian Peninsula, Morocco, Tunisia, and Algeria, on the islands of Corsica, Sardinia and Sicily, and in Southern Italy. In other parts of the world where it was cultivated, it has become naturalized.
The plants grow to a height of up to thirty inches, a foot in diameter, have strong taproots, and densely hairy stalks. The leaves are compound and palmate with nine to eleven leaflets each. It flowers in whorls around a spike-like stalk, typically from June to July with its seed pods ripening from August to September.
'Yellow Lupine' requires sunny locations to thrive, prefers moist, well-drained soils, but as a nitrogen-fixing legume, it can tolerate nutritionally poor locations.
- "Intraspecific Diversity of Lupins," Boguslav S. Kurlovich, August 4, 2006.
- "The PLANTS Database: Profile for Lupinus luteus (European yellow lupine)," USDA, NRCS, National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, North Carolina, 2000.
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