100 days, determinate — The plants are small, compact, reaching about twenty inches in height with purple flowers and pods that contain three seeds each. This combined with its early maturity makes it an excellent choice for home gardeners. The reddish-brown beans are large and contain 43% protein and 19% oil.
'Ugra' (incorrectly labeled "Ugra Saja" at the USDA) was developed by Svalöf AB in Malmöhus, Sweden by crossing 'Wisconsin Black' with 'Brunatna Vilenska' (a Polish variety). It was released in the early 1950s. USDA accession number is PI 198067. Each packet contains 25 to 30 seeds.
Sow seeds about one inch deep, three to four inches apart. Although you can plant in rows, they can be planted densely and allowed to form a canopy. This will help control weed growth. Soybeans are tolerant of drought and poor soil since they fix nitrogen. They will, however, benefit from fertile soil.
Soybean flowers are perfect (self-fertile) and cross pollination is almost non-existent, making saving seed easy. Allow pods to fully develop and dry on the plants.
- Svalöf AB later merged with Weibulls AB to form Lantmännen SW seed, a partly Swedish owned seed company. The company is headquartered in Landskrona (Southern Sweden). The town Landskrona is located within the county administration area called Malmö (once called Malmöhus).
- "‘Ugra saja’ is actually just named Ugra. The ‘saja’ is probably just a misspelling of soja (soya in Swedish)." - Dr. Fredrik Fogelberg, Swedish Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering.
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