The flowers are perfect (having both male and female organs), are self-fertile, but attractive to pollinating insects. The plants flower from July into August with seed ripening from August into September. 'Lovage' is a hardy perennial and once established, it is not tender and will over-winter down to USDA zone 4. Each packet contains 0.25 gram, which is approximately 75 seeds.
- "A Modern Herbal," Mrs. M. Grieve, 1931, p. 499-500.
- "Tyler's Honest Herbal: A Sensible Guide to the Use of Herbs & Related Remedies," Steven Foster & Varro E. Tyler, Ph.D., MJF Books, New York, 1999.
- "Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World," edited by U. P. Hedrick, New York Agricultural Experiment Station, 1919.
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[ Artichokes | Asparagus | Beans | Beets | Broccoli | Sorghums | Brussels Sprouts | Cabbage | Cantaloupe | Carrots | Cauliflower | Celery | Collard Greens | Corn | Cucumber | Eggplant | Endives | Gourds | Kale | Kohlrabi | Leeks | Lettuce | Mesclun Mix | Mustard Greens | Okra | Onions | Parsley | Edible Pod Peas | Garden Peas | South Peas | Hot Peppers | Mild Peppers | Pumpkins | Radishes | Rapini | Rhubarb | Salad Greens | Salsify | Summer Squash | Winter Squash | Swiss Chard | Tomatillo | Tomatoes | Dwarf Tomato Project | Turnips | Watermelons ]